Engineering courses have been and will be one of the most popular undergraduate courses in India in the coming years. The most common doubt among all engineering aspirants is about the course. Students are always unsure about engineering courses/branch/majors/discipline. Paying attention and being prepared for the engineering stream is a really important thing. Choosing an engineering major can be very difficult. Aspirants are often confused whether to choose a stream of their choice or a reputed institute.
To answer these questions, we have listed various engineering branches based on past trends and preferences of other engineering aspirants.
1. Computer Science Engineering (CSE):
Nowadays, we are advancing towards computerization and upgrading in our social and professional life. CSE is one of the most sought after disciplines for engineering courses. It involves designing and understanding mathematical operations and programming languages.
Threads: In CSE, apart from elementary engineering subjects, core subjects of the branch are data structure, database management system, artificial intelligence, computer networks, operating systems, object-oriented programming, system programming, data communications, etc.
Jobs: There are huge job opportunities in the field of CSE. After completing a degree in CSE, one can work in database management, embedded systems, information and communication technology, multimedia, computer hardware, software implementation, computer hardware and software maintenance, games, web design, and other related industries. It is a wide field to work in both the private and public sectors.
Areas of specialization: CSE has an expansive field when it comes to majoring. Major topics are computer architecture and organization, database systems, electronics, operating systems, networking, computer systems foundations, Java programming and web design, e-commerce and enterprise resource planning (ERP) applications and multimedia. For post-graduation, Masters in Business Administration (MBA) degree is also preferred by students for better job opportunities.
Companies: Some of the companies that hire CSE engineers include Microsoft, Google, Yahoo, Amazon, IBM, Facebook, Oracle, Cisco, Infosys, TCS, and Wipro.
2. Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EEE):
This branch involves the study of a wide range of technology. These engineers are responsible for designing, developing, testing as well as supervising the production of electrical and electronic equipment and machinery. Broadcasting and communication systems, electric motors, machine controls, lights and wiring in building complexes, vehicles, aircraft, radar and navigation systems, power generation, control and transmission devices used by electrical utilities are all examples of equipment made by these engineers.
Threads: In addition to basic engineering subjects, core subjects include power engineering, control systems, digital electronics, measurement, electrical instrumentation, electromagnetic field theory, etc.
Jobs: This branch has a lot of opportunities in the government sector. One can work in steel mills, railways, construction sites or deal with automated systems in which the supply and distribution of electricity plays an important role.
Areas of specialization: EEE graduates can choose a postgraduate course in subjects such as Communications, Computer Hardware, Computer Software, Control Systems, Electromagnetics, Electronic Design, Optics, Power Systems, Remote Sensing and Space Systems, Semiconductor Devices, Signal and Image Processing, etc.
Companies: Some good companies offering electrical or electronics jobs are Wipro Lighting Corporate, Schnider Electric, Bajaj Electricals Limited, Siemens, Alstom Corporate and Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited. , Crompton Greaves, Havells India Limited, ABB India Limited, EMCO limited, HBM power system, etc.
3. Mechanical Engineering (ME):
This major applies principles of engineering, physics, and materials science to the design, analysis, manufacture, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production and operation of machines. It is one of the oldest and broadest engineering disciplines.
The field of mechanical engineering requires an understanding of core areas including mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, and electricity.
Threads: Apart from the basic engineering topics, the core subjects are thermodynamics, materials technology, manufacturing design, fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer, control engineering, industrial production and management, computer-aided design, machine design, etc.
Jobs: Employment opportunities for Middle Eastern graduates are enormous. These engineers could work with industrial systems in manufacturing while others might be in product design for an automaker or even a toy company. Mechanical engineers can work in the thermal power industry, gas turbine industry, air conditioning and refrigeration industry, oil and gas exploration and refining industries, agricultural sector, educational sector, airlines, shipping industries, aviation industry, armed forces, pharmaceuticals, automobile industry and many more. Students can also pursue a teaching career after mechanical engineering.
Areas of specialization: Students can choose M.Tech/ME in areas of specialization such as Production Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Thermal Engineering, Automotive Engineering, Machine Design, and Fluid Mechanics.
Companies: Some of the major government companies that hire mechanical engineers are ISRO, BHEL, NTPC, BARC, DRDO, SAIL, etc. The best private companies are L&T, Brahmos Aerospace, Maruti Suzuki, Tata Motors / Tata Group, Mahindra Group, General Motors India, Bajaj Automobiles, Godrej & Boyce, Mercedes Benz India, John Deere, Thermax, etc.
4. Civil Engineering:
Civil engineering is one of the oldest and oldest branches of engineering. They include the design, construction, development, and supervision of tunnels, roads, buildings, highways, dams, and sewage systems.
Threads: Other than elementary engineering subjects, the core subjects are surveying, building materials, building and city planning, water resources and irrigation, advanced construction, foundation engineering, etc.
Jobs: Civil engineering offers great opportunities in various fields. They can seek employment in construction projects implemented by the government. These projects mainly involve general development works such as airports, highways, sewer boards, and railways. Engineers from this field can also work in research and teaching. They can also start their own business and provide construction, design and maintenance services.
Areas of specialization: Civil engineering is a deep field of technical education. Have different fields of specialization after completing B.Tech degree. Sub-disciplines are Materials Science and Engineering, Building Engineering, Structural Engineering, Surveying, Control Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Earthquake Engineering, etc.
Companies: Some of the famous companies that hire civil engineers are Emmar Properties, PCC, Shapoorji & Pallonji, European Contracting, White Young, etc.
5. Aeronautical Engineering:
Aerospace engineering is the most demanding and interesting career option. Students interested in learning about rockets, satellites, and aircraft usually choose aerospace engineering. It deals with the development of new technology in the field of aviation, space and defense systems. It involves the design and manufacture of high-tech systems.
Aeronautical and aerospace engineering is categorized into two branches – aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Aerospace engineering specializes in aircraft, missiles and helicopters. On the other hand, aerospace engineering includes space shuttles, rockets, and space stations.
Threads: In addition to basic engineering topics, core topics include aerodynamics, aircraft structures, fluid mechanics, propulsion, manufacturing, assembly drawing, flight dynamics, and so on.
Jobs: As an aeronautical engineer, it is crucial to define an area of interest – whether the person is interested in aeronautical engineering or astronautical engineering. Both branches have excellent job prospects. Employment opportunities are available for these engineers in airlines, the Air Force, corporate research firms, the Department of Defense, helicopter companies, airlines, NASA, and many more.
Areas of specialization: Students may choose a postgraduate with a specialization in aerodynamics, space structures, space propulsion, dynamics and control, etc.
Companies: Some of the top recruits in this field are Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Defense Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Civil Aviation Administration, Air India, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) among others.